The FBI and Overland Park, Kan., police say the fatal shootings of three people outside a Jewish community center and a Jewish-run nursing home were definitely hate crimes. A man who lives near Aurora and Marionville, Frazier Cross, who is known in southwest Missouri as Glenn Miller, is in custody for the shootings.
Overland Park officers arrested Miller in an elementary school parking lot about 1:20 Sunday afternoon, about 20 minutes after the shootings were first reported to 9-1-1. In those 20 minutes, the shooter had moved from the Jewish Community Center to the nursing home to the school. They say he shot at five people, killing three of them. The other two were not injured.
At the community center, a man and his grandfather were killed. At the nursing home, a woman visiting her mother, a nursing home resident, was killed.
At a news conference in Overland Park late Monday morning, the U.S. attorney for the Eastern District of Kansas, Barry Grissom, said the case would be presented to a grand jury as a hate crime. Law enforcement officials wouldn't be specific about what evidence they have, but said it's based on statements that Miller made after his arrest.
Miller, 73, is a well-known white supremacist and former Ku Klux Klan leader who was once the subject of a nationwide manhunt. He's in the Johnson County jail on a preliminary charge of first-degree murder for the attacks.
Overland Park police said Miller is the founder and former leader of the Carolina Knights of the Ku Klux Klan and the White Patriot Party. Both organizations operated as paramilitary groups in the 1980s, according to the Southern Poverty Law Center, which monitors hate groups and has an extensive file on Miller.
In 1987, the FBI and other law enforcement groups arrested Miller and two other men at a mobile home park near Ozark, on federal warrants out of North Carolina. Agents said Miller and his associates had declared war on the U.S. government, vowed to overthrow it, and threatened not to be arrested alive. The warrant was issued because Miller had violated a court order not to continue to operate a nationwide paramilitary organization.
Early on April 30, 1987, agents moved residents to safety from 15 other mobile homes in that park near Ozark. They then ordered Miller and the other two men to come out of the trailer. When they got no response, officers threw tear gas through the windows to force them to come out, and arrested them.
Law enforcement officials said they tracked down Miller and his two associates in Ozark after he bought a vehicle in Louisiana and had the title sent to a Post Office box in Springfield. That's the first time they realized he had moved to Missouri. After the arrests, they found a large arsenal of weapons, bombs and ammunition.
As the handcuffed men were led to the Greene County jail, Miller crossed his hands over each and talked to a videographer.
"Sign of the cross," he said. "God is with us."
Miller pleaded guilty in September 1987 for mailing threatening communications and possession of automatic weapons.
The Arkansas Democrat-Gazette says Miller testified in Fort Smith, Ark., in 1988 at a federal trial for 14 men accused of trying to overthrow the federal government. Ten of the 14 men were 10 charged with sedition and five were accused of conspiring to kill a federal judge and an FBI agent. The men were acquitted at the trial. Because of his testimony, however, Miller served only three years in prison for his weapons and threatening communications crimes.
A year earlier, the Democrat-Gazette report says, Miller testified before a federal grand jury in Arkansas after being threatened with jail or prison time if he didn't.
"This is like Communist Russia; you have no rights at all," Miller was quoted by the Democrat-Gazette in a report on Feb 27, 1987. "The whole purpose of this is to silence the White Patriot Movement."
After serving his prison time , Miller stayed out of the limelight. He drove a truck and wrote an autobiography, "A White Man Speaks Out."
“You and I both know, deep in your heart, you agree with me," Miller wrote in the book. "And I will prove it with one hypothetical scenario: you are alone in a closet of your home. There`s a bright red button. You can push that button and presto all Negroes and Jews and all other colored people are instantly removed from the North American continent and returned to their native countries.
"You`d push it, wouldn`t you whitey?
"See? See? See? in the final analysis, you agree with me. But of course, you wouldn`t do antything to bring that scenario about, or any other scenario favorable to your Race.”
Miller moved to his rural home near Aurora in 2002 and started publishing and distributing racist literature, according to the Southern Poverty Law Center in Montgomery, Ala., which monitors racist people and groups, and has an extensive file on Miller.
In 2005, Miller did an interview with KY3 News reporter Cara Restelli about literature that he was mailing to people in the area about his white supremacist views. It looked like a newspaper and was called "The Aryan Alternative."
Miller ran for U.S. representative as a write-in candidate in 2006 against Rep. Roy Blunt. He also ran as a write-in candidate for a U.S. Senate seat in 2010 and tried unsuccessfully to force KY3 to accept and air his racist ads since he was a candidate for federal office. Some radio stations ran his ads.
On March 28, 2008, Miller's son, Jesse Miller, was driving a sport utility vehicle that hit a truck driven by Joseph Rich in Marionville. When Rich stopped to offer assistance, Jesse Miller killed him with a shotgun. A Marionville police officer arrived and Miller shot the officer, who then returned fire and killed Miller. The officer, Andy Clark, suffered a shoulder wound.
The Missouri State Highway Patrol investigated the shooting but never determined why Jesse Miller shot Rich. Glenn Miller later claimed it was because of a feud with the Springfield Police Department.
After his arrest on Sunday, Glenn Miller sat in the back of a patrol car and shouted, "Heil Hitler."
If Miller is convicted of a hate crime, under federal law, the death penalty could be on the table. That would apply if the charge is that the defendant was motivated by the victims' "race, color, religion or national origin."